The surrealist movement was founded in Paris by a small group of writers and artists. It used elements of its predecessors, such as Dada and Cubism, to create something unknown which totally changed the way art was defined. They focused on the unconscious as a means to unlock the power of the imagination. They despised rationalism and literary realism and believed that the conscious mind repressed imagination and creativity. Surrealism became the most influential movement in twentieth century art.
Salvador Dalì, was known for his wild art and a public personality to match, and these 2 elements helped him rise above the rest of the surrealists. His quote said it all “the difference between me and the surrealists, is that I am a surrealist”.
He is memorable because he was a pioneer of the movement. He was involved in all aspects of artistic creation from painting, sculpture, design, drawing, movies, fashion, etc. He applied the surrealist concept to everything he said did. His audacity and rebellious attitude towards art and politics set him aside from others and allowed him to create some of the most famous and recognizable paintings of the 20th century.
His unconventional style and sometimes outrageous ideas were highly sought in his commercial work - in fashion, photography, advertising and film - they brought the style to a huge popular audience.
Not only did he leave a mark on surrealism but even twenty years following his death, his artwork and influences can be seen almost everywhere around the world. If you stop anyone in the street, most will be familiar with at least one of his images. The name Dalí is magic, he remains an icon.